A liver transplant procedure works out to be a surgical procedure where your damaged liver is being replaced with a healthy one. In the human body the liver appears to be the largest intestinal organ and is responsible for performing a variety of functions.
The best liver transplant doctor in India has better success rates and fewer complications. This proves to be a viable alternative for a patient who is at the end stage of liver disease. In some extreme cases the failure of a transplanted liver could occur.
The number of people who are waiting for a liver exceeds the number of donors available. It is undertaken when alternative courses of medicines fail to achieve the desired results in case of a liver disease. Liver failure can happen all of a sudden or it can take considerable amount of time.
Your wait for a new liver
Waiting times for a new liver donor can vary greatly. Some of them are going to wait for days whereas in case of others it could be months. Once you wait for the donor the doctor is going to treat your for the complications of the liver so that you are as comfortable as possible. Complications in case of an end stage liver disease are very serious and you might have to be hospitalized every now and then. In case if the condition of the liver deteriorates then your MELD score is updated.
The moment you are waiting for a donor liver or your surgery date is scheduled try to stay healthy. When you are fine and healthy the process of transplant does go on to become a lot easy. It also helps you recovery faster so that you are ready for work
- Opt for your medications as prescribed
- Be in line with your exercise and diet schedule
- Keep up with all the appointments as per the guidelines of your health care team
- Try to be active as far as possible with your friends or relatives
Do stay in touch with your transplant team and if any significant changes in your health are witnessed communicate with them. In case if you are waiting for a donated liver the transplant time needs to be aware on where they can reach you at all times. Your hospital bag needs to be ready so that you can move over to the hospital any time.
Once the procedure is over
Once the transplant is over the doctor is going to test your liver function, and figure out any major signs of complications. Once a liver transplant is undertaken you can expect
- You might have to spend a few days in the ICU- the doctors are going to monitor your conditions for any form of complications that could arise. The liver is frequently being subject to test in order to figure that it is working in a normal manner.
- Your stay in the hospital would be for 5 to 10 days on an average. Once you have recovered you will be taken to a transplant room
- The moment you are recovering you might need frequent check-ups at your home. The transplant team is going to design a check-up schedule for you. For a few times in the first few weeks you might have to appear for blood tests and this comes down to a considerable level over due course of time.
- Medications are going to be part of rest of your life- You might have to take some medications for the rest of your life once the process of liver transplant is over. There are drugs that supress the immune system and prevent attack of the new liver. Some drugs do reduce the chances of complications after a transplant
The ideal phase of recovery would be around 6 months and after that you will be fully healed with your liver transplant. You are going to be normal and can undertake your day to day activities. The exact time of recovery would depend on where you were before the process of transplant.
The chances of survival and long term implications would evolve down to the particular situation. At a generic level nearly 70 % of people who opt for a liver transplant increase their chances of survival by 5 years. It means that for 100 people who have gone on to have a liver transplant 70 people will live for 5 years and the rest would be below that.
If an individual receives a liver from a living donor the chances of survival are less in comparison to a deceased donor. But comparing the results would seem to be a very difficult process as living donor generally has a short time frame for a transplant in comparison to a deceased donor.
Support and coping up
Physical activity and exercise
Physical activity along with exercise needs to be an integral part after a liver transplant surgery. Not only it improves your physical health but also your mental health. At the hospital the therapist would teach you exercise and help you get rid of complications. They can also guide you on the proper exercise regime that you need to follow at home.
After the transplant you need to walk as much as you can. It all depends upon your progress as then you can incorporate more physical activity into your daily set up. Swimming or bicycling can all be part of your exercise regime, but it is advisable that you discuss with your doctor before you go ahead.
Nutrition and diet
Opting for a well-balanced diet is important after the process of liver transplant. This does help you to recover in a fast manner. The best hospitals would provide you with a nutrition specialist who is going to monitor your diet and ask any questions which you have. In general the diet after a liver transplant needs to be low in sugar and salt. To ward off any possible damage to your liver keep away from alcohol.